Developer Tools link
Ren'Py includes a number of features to make a developer's life easier. Many of
them need the variable
config.developer to be set to True to operate.
The Lint tool (available from the launcher) checks the game for potential errors or misoptimizations, and advises the developing team about how to best improve it. Since some of these errors will only affect users on other platforms, it’s recommended to understand and fix all errors, even if the problem can't be triggered locally.
Lint also includes useful infos and stats about the game.
Note that using Lint is not a substitute for thorough testing.
Shift+O Console link
The debug console makes it possible to interactively run Ren'Py script and
Python statements, and immediately see the results. The console is available in
developer mode or when
config.console is True, and can be accessed by
The console can be used to:
Jump to a label.
Interactively try out Ren'Py script statements.
Evaluate a Python expression or statement to see the result.
Trace Python expressions as the game progresses.
clear: clear the console history
escape: Enables escaping of unicode symbols in unicode strings.
exit: exit the console
help: show this help
help <expr>: show signature and documentation of <expr>
jump <label>: jumps to label
load <slot>: loads the game from slot
long: Print the full representation of objects on the console.
reload: reloads the game, refreshing the scripts
save <slot>: saves the game in slot
short: Shorten the representation of objects on the console (default).
stack: print the return stack
unescape: Disables escaping of unicode symbols in unicode strings and print it as is (default).
unwatch <expression>: stop watching an expression
unwatchall: stop watching all expressions
watch <expression>: watch a python expression
watch short: makes the representation of traced expressions short (default)
watch long: makes the representation of traced expressions as is
<renpy script statement>: run the statement
<python expression or statement>: run the expression or statement
Shift+E Editor Support link
Shift+E opens the default text editor, as set in the launcher and customizable using Text Editor Integration, to open the script file in and line number at which the current statement is written.
Shift+R Reloading link
config.developer is True, hitting Shift+R will save the current
game, reload the game script, and reload the game. This will often place you at
the last unchanged statement encountered before Shift+R was pressed.
This allows the developer to make script changes with an external editor, and not have to exit and restart Ren'Py to see the effect of the changes.
Note that game state, which includes variable values and scene lists, is preserved across the reload. This means that if one of those statements is changed, it is necessary to rollback and re-execute the statement to see its new effect.
Shift+I Style Inspecting link
config.developer is true, pressing Shift+I will cause style
inspection to occur. This will display a list of displayables underneath the
mouse, in the order they are drawn to the screen (that is, the last displayable
is the one on top of the others). For each displayable, it will display the
type, the style used, and the size it is being rendered at.
Clicking on the style name will display the styles the displayable inherits from, and the properties each style contributes to the final displayable.
> Fast Skipping link
config.fast_skipping is True, pressing
the fast_skip key (by default, ">") causes the the game to immediately skip to
the next important interaction. For this purpose, an important interaction is
one that is not caused by a say statement, transition, or pause command.
Usually, this means skipping to the next menu, but it will also stop when
user-defined forms of interaction occur.
Warping to a Line link
Ren'Py supports warping to a line in the script, without the developer to play through the entire game to get there. While this warping technique has a number of warnings associated with it, it still may be useful in providing a live preview.
To invoke warping, run Ren'Py with the
--warp command-line argument followed
by a filename:line combination, to specify where you would like to warp to. For
renpy.exe my_project --warp script.rpy:458
(Where my_project is the full path to the base directory of your project.)
When warping is invoked, Ren'Py does a number of things. It first finds all of the scene statements in the program. It then tries to find a path from the scene statements to every reachable statement in the game. It then picks the reachable statement closest to, but before or at, the given line. It works backwards from that statement to a scene statement, recording the path it took. Ren'Py then executes the scene statement and any show or hide statements found along that path. Finally, it transfers control to the found statement.
There are a number of fairly major caveats to the warp feature. The first is that it only examines a single path, which means that while the path may be representative of some route of execution, it's possible that there may be a bug along some other route. In general, the path doesn't consider game logic, so it's also possible to have a path that isn't actually reachable. (This is only really a problem on control-heavy games, especially those that use a lot of Python.
The biggest problem, though, is that Python is not executed before the
statement that is warped to. This means that all variables will be
uninitialized, which can lead to crashes when they are used. To overcome this,
one can define a label
after_warp, which is called after a warp but before
the warped-to statement executes. This label can set up variables in the
program, and then return to the preview.
The warp feature requires
config.developer to be True to operate.
Debug Functions link
- renpy.get_filename_line() link
Returns a pair giving the filename and line number of the current statement.
- renpy.log(msg) link
config.logis not set, this does nothing. Otherwise, it opens the logfile (if not already open), formats the message to
config.log_widthcolumns, and prints it to the logfile.
- renpy.unwatch(expr) link
Stops watching the given Python expression.
- renpy.warp_to_line(warp_spec) link
This takes as an argument a filename:linenumber pair, and tries to warp to the statement before that line number.
This works samely as the --warp command.
- renpy.watch(expr) link
This watches the given Python expression, by displaying it in the upper-right corner of the screen.